Apple killed off its support for PPTP VPNs when it released OS X in September of 2016. There was one application we had to maintain where the only way to connect and update it was via this out-of-favor protocol. Here’s how to get in and get the job done over PPTP one last time.
First, credit for this solution should go to the following post: https://smallhacks.wordpress.com/2016/12/20/pptp-on-osx-sierra/
We only had to make a couple of tweaks to the ppp configuration provided on that page in order to get the job done and they’re likely specific to our circumstances.
Second, you should really get off of PPTP VPNs as soon as practicable. The most common authentication protocol used on them, MS-CHAPv2, has been known to be vulnerable to attacks since 1999 and in 2012 Moxie Marlinspike released a tool that could be used in combination with a brute force attack to decrypt traffic over the VPN tunnel.
So, make plans to retire that VPN now and move to an IPSec or SSL VPN.
Write the following file to
plugin PPTP.ppp noauth # logfile /tmp/ppp.log remoteaddress AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD # Address of the VPN Server redialcount 1 redialtimer 5 idle 1800 mru 1368 mtu 1368 receive-all novj 0:0 ipcp-accept-local ipcp-accept-remote #noauth refuse-eap refuse-pap refuse-chap-md5 user YOURUSERNAME hide-password mppe-stateless mppe-128 looplocal password YOURPASSWORD nodetach ms-dns 126.96.36.199 # used in ip-up script ipparam gwvpn debug
We had to add the following lines to the configuration to help connect to our client’s network:
We encountered errors related to Extensible Authentication Protocol, turning it off allowed us to move on.
It was useful to turn on debugging to trace down the cause of one particular issue. At one site, the configuration requests being sent were not being acknowledged. After 10 unacknowledged requests, the connection was dropped. So turn on debugging and you should see requests and acknowledgements as well as messages detailing the authentication process.
sent [LCP ConfReq... rcvd [LCP ConfReq...
The likely cause of the unacknowledged requests was that the router we were communicating through didn’t support Generic Router Encapsulation (GRE). Since we did not control that router, there was nothing to do but move to a site that we could communicate from.
Connect to the VPN by running:
sudo pppd call pptpvpn
When you connect successfully you should get a response like this in your terminal:
pptp_wait_input: Address added. previous interface setting...
What you will need to do next, in order to make sure you’re not just sending requests out of the wrong interface, is to add a route to the host you need to contact on the other network:
sudo route add -host WWW.XXX.YYY.ZZZ -interface ppp0
Then you should be able to browse, ssh, ping, or do whatever you need to with the host on the other side.
Well I could just buy a VPN client…
Fair enough. There are two vendors for VPN clients for OS X supporting PPTP. One client costs $50 and the other vendor offers their software as an annual subscription. Unfortunately, buying new software doesn’t deal with the fact that PPTP should be phased out. Save your money, use the underlying ppp client in OS X to get connected, and then plan on replacing that old protocol.